Question 7: What are "Ditheism" and "Polytheism"?



What are "Ditheism" and "Polytheism"?


"Ditheism" is the belief in two gods, while "polytheism" is the belief in many gods.

Because of Palamas’ insistence on the validity of the "essence-energies" distinction, Gregory Akindynos accused St. Gregory of ditheism, claiming, incorrectly, that Palamas was separating the Godhead into two: a higher divinity (denoted by "essence"), and a lower divinity (signified by "energy"). Furthermore, Palamas’ employment of the term “energy” in the plural, that is to say “energies”, was also construed by the anti-Hesychasts as a form of polytheism.